Metagenomics insights into Cr(VI) effects on structural and functional diversity of bacterial community in chromite mine soils of Sukinda Valley, Odisha

Authors Affiliation(s)

  • 1BIF Centre, Department of Bioinformatics, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar 751003, INDIA
  • 2Department of Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Ravenshaw University, Cuttack 753003, INDIA
  • 3Department of Botany, School of Life Sciences, Ravenshaw University, Cuttack 753003, INDIA
  • 4Department of Biotechnology, North Orissa University, Sriram Chandra Vihar, Takatpur, Baripada 757003, INDIA

Can J Biotech, Volume 1 Special Issue-Supplement,  Page 268,  DOI: https://doi.org/10.24870/cjb.2017-a252

Presenting author: ksukantapradhan@gmail.com 

Abstract

Soil contamination with heavy metal like chromium is a wide-spread environmental problem in mining and its periphery areas causing hazard to the plant, animal and human. Bacterial communities which resist the toxic effect of Cr(VI) can only survive under this hostile condition. In the study assessment of structural diversity of bacterial communities from four different locations of chromite mines area of Sukinda, Odisha (India) were carried out with 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing of V3 regions using illuminaMiSeq and functional diversity analysis from in situ mining site with whole genome metagenomics using illuminaHiSeq. The taxonomic classification was carried out through QIIME program. The samples differed from each other, both in terms of level of contamination and soil characteristics. The variations in pH were small (6.67-7.32) between the mine soils from in situ and overburden sites in comparison to forest soil (5.08). The forest soil contains higher amount of available N and K as well as organic carbon as compared to both the mine soils. Heavy metals like Fe, Cr, Ni, and Cd have been detected in higher concentrations in in situ sites than both overburden and forest soil samples. Whereas concentration of other heavy metals like Co and Mn is high in overburden than in situ and forest soil. In spite of the differences between the samples, they shared many common operational taxonomic units (OTUs) and it was possible to delineate the core microbiome of the soil samples. In general, Actinobacteria were the most dominant phyla with abundance of Deltaproteobacteria, Alphaproteobacteria, and Gammaproteobacteria within the soils. Certain bacterial genera like Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas, Lactobacillus, Bacillus, Clostridium and Corynebacterium were found to be predominant in in situ mining sites, whereas genera like Nitrospira, DA101, JG37-AG-70 and Nitrospira and DA101 were found to be abundant in overburden and forest soil respectively. In in situ soil, the bacterial genes are involved in membrane transport, DNA metabolism, Iron acquisition and metabolism, secondary metabolism, motility and chemotaxis. The results of this study add valuable information about the composition as well as structure and function of bacterial communities in chromite mine area soils and shed light on possible bioremediation transformations promoted by bacterial communities.